Crusader Works

Crusader Works



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Number/street name:
70 Chapeltown Street

Address line 2:
1-15 Keepers Quay


M1 2EW


Architect contact number:

Capital & Centric.

Planning Authority:
Manchester City Council,

Planning consultant:

Planning Reference:

Date of Completion:

Schedule of Accommodation:
Crusader: 123 apartments = 54 x1bed, 68 x2bed, 1 x3bed & Phoenix: 75 total apartments = 16x 1bed, 59x 2bed

Tenure Mix:
100% private owner occupied

Total number of homes:

Site size (hectares):

Net Density (homes per hectare):

Size of principal unit (sq m):

Smallest Unit (sq m):

Largest unit (sq m):

No of parking spaces:

Scheme PDF Download

Planning History

Originally built in the late 1840s, Crusader was one of the earliest and largest purpose-built textile machinery works in Manchester consisting of 3 listed buildings and an unlisted later addition. The complex was listed as Grade II in 1994. Initial space planning studies looked to utilise all existing structures, however the opportunity to replace the unlisted addition with a more efficient new build gave a balance to the project appraisal which would facilitate the regeneration of the dilapidated listed buildings and make the overall scheme viable. The regeneration has ensured that this heritage asset has been preserved for Manchester.

The Design Process

shedkm embrace the re-use of existing structures and always seek to bring disused and unloved buildings back into use where possible. The transformation of Crusader from a state of disrepair, and the addition of new-build Phoenix, is seen as a key step in injecting new energy into the regeneration of the neighbourhood.
The special architectural interest of Crusader lies in the collection of buildings, its scale, industrial character and the aesthetic effect of the repetitious bays and windows. Our motivation was to celebrate these aspects and align heritage significance with a design that cultivates community and creates a strong sense of home for residents.
A simple design strategy places two circulation cores within the courtyard, branching out to cloister walkways that sit behind the existing masonry facades. Locating the new cores within the courtyard rather than within the existing building generates increased net area, separates living accommodation from lifts and refuse stores and creates a clear circulation and servicing strategy.
Features of Phoenix include exposed steel and pipe work, contrasted with generous modern, design-led interiors. The building is constructed of a primary steel frame, precast concrete deck with exposed concrete frame expressed externally across all elevations as a response to the industrial nature of the adjacent buildings. Central to the roofscape is the projecting yellow core that rises above the middle of the plan and unites visually with other coloured elements within the courtyard of the existing buildings.
The design is anchored by a communal courtyard, with landscaping spilling out onto and animating the adjacent streetscape. The courtyard is conceived as a lush transitional space: a simple, contemplative garden that creates a space for communal activities and encourages neighbour interaction. With communal barbecues, fire-pits, cycle facilities and wi-fi this becomes a welcoming multi-use space.

Choose a few key elements you want to promote

Crusader Works provides a choice of lifestyles, balancing heritage with contemporary interventions to create a coherent merging of old and new. Inspired by a strong sense of place, the industrial character of the buildings has been reinstated and celebrated.
Establishing a residential community based around communal facilities and shared amenity was central to the design philosophy and emphasis was placed on cultivating this aspect of the user experience. The distinctive scheme was offered to locals first to maximise the benefits of an owner-occupier community.
The development has been a key step in injecting energy into the regeneration of the neighbourhood.

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Scheme Information


  • Multi-Aspect Apartments


  • High density


  • Private Ownership


  • Community Consultation
  • Urban Infill
  • Urban Regeneration


  • Brickwork
  • Contemporary Design
  • Apartment remodelling
  • Modern methods


  • Embodied energy in construction

Outdoor areas

  • Private Terraces
  • Roof Terrace
  • Outside Terrace
  • Garden

Surrounding Area

  • Landscape
  • Communal Spaces
  • Public open space


  • Wheelchair
  • Community


The primary carbon saving measures were to retain Crusader’s main buildings. A strategic layout adopted a clear passive design strategy - the cloister and courtyard configuration provide a dual aspect to all apartments affording better lighting and cross ventilation opportunities. 1. Robust, hardwearing materials, contributing to the reduction of ongoing maintenance and energy use in upkeep. 2. Air permeability improved to minimise external air infiltration. 3. Window G-values reduced, minimising the effect of solar gains and reducing the risk of overheating as calculated under CIBSE TM59 procedures. 4. Mechanical Ventilation Heat Recovery units reduce the need to open windows and introduce fresh unheated air, increasing the thermal load. 5. Low energy LED lights throughout to reduce electrical load and occupancy sensor controls ensuring lights are not left on when communal spaces are unoccupied. 6. Water outlets incorporate low flow restrictors to reduce water consumption, which reduces hot water energy demand, drainage to sewers, and water consumption. 7. Electrical panel heaters are LOT 20 certified (controls the heat output ensuring that the heater does not operate when windows are open). Controls include a weekly timer and thermostat with adaptive start. 8. Predicted CO2 emissions 3.3 tonnes of CO2 per apartment, an average household emission is 6.0 tonnes per year, which provides a predicted percentage improvement of 46% on a typical household emission. Crusader’s improved U-values in W/m2K: New walls: 0.18 Roof: 0.18 Window: 1.40 Floor: 0.22-02.5 Phoenix includes the provision of a high-performance thermal envelope to limit heat loss and lower the need for heating Exposed concrete soffits provide thermally efficient spaces Brickwork is used for its aesthetic as well as its eco-friendly, flexible, cost-effective qualities Photovoltaic panels on rooftop LED luminaires reduce energy use Lighting to circulation areas controlled by PIR presence detectors - lights only on when required